1.Abtahi, A. 1992. Salinity tolerance in plants. College of Agriculture, Shiraz University, 160p.
2.Ahmadi Ilkhchi, A., Hajabbasi, M.A., and Jalalian, A. 2003. Effects of converting range to
dry-farming land on runoff and soil loss and quality in Dorahan, Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari
province. J. Agri. Sci. Natur. Resour. 4: 103-114. (In Persian)
3.Ajami, M., and Khormali, F. 2009. Clay mineralogy as an evidence of land degradation on
loess hillslopes. J. Water Soil Conserv. 16: 2. 61-84. (In Persian)
4.Akef, M., Mahmoudi, Sh., Karimian Eghbal, M., and Sarmadian, F. 2004. Physicochemical
and micromorphological changes in paddy soils converted from forest in Foomanat region,
Gilan. J. Naturalrest. 56: 4. 407-423. (In Persian)
5.Azinwi, P.T. 2012. Petrological, physic-chemical and mechanical study of the benue
watershed vertisols (Nord Cameroon): spatial analysis and agricultural potential evaluation.
Th. Doc. Ph.D. Fac. Sc. Univ. Yaounde I, 183p.
6.Bahmani, M., Salehi, M.H., and Esfandiarpoor Boroujeni, I. 2014. Comparing the American
soil classification system (Taxonomy) and WRB to describing the feature, of some arid and
semi-arid central Iran. J. Water Soil Sci. (Sci. Technol. Agric. Natur. Resour.). 18: 67. 11-21.
7.Bartoli, F., Burtin, G., Royer, JJ., Gury, M., Gomendy, V., Leviandier, R., and Gafrej, R.
1995. Spatial variability of topsoil characteristics within silty soil type, effect on clay
migration. Geoderma. 68: 279-300.
8.Bayat, A., Karimzadeh, H.R., and Khademi, H. 2011. Clay minerals in the soil of the old East
geomorphic surfaces in Esfahan, Iran. J. Crystalograph. Mineral. 1: 1. 45-58. (In Persian)
9.Brady, N.C., and Weil, R.R. 1999. The nature and properties of soils (12th Edition), Prentice-
10.Buol, S.W., Hole, F.D., and MC Cracken, R.J. 1973. Soil genesis and classification, The
Iowa State University Press, Ames, IA, 360p.
11.Cline, M.G. 1949. Basic principles of soil classification. Soil Sci. 67: 2. 81-91.
12.Dahlgren, A.R., Bottinger, L.T., Huntington, L.G., and Amundson, A.R. 1997. Soil
development along an elevation transect in the western Sierra Nevada, California.
Geoderma. 78: 207-236.
13.Deckers, J.P., Driessen, F.O.F., Nachtergaele, O., and Berding, F. 2003. Anticipated
developments of the world refrence base for soil resources. In: H. Eswaran, T. Rice, R.
Ahrens and B.A. Stewart (Eds.), Soil Classification: A Global Desk Reference. CRC Press,
Boca Raton, FL. 232p.
14.Djoufac, W.E., Elimbi, A., Panczer, G., Nyada, R., and Njopwouo, D. 2006. Caracterisations
phisico-chimiques et mineralogiques des vertisols de Garoua (Nord Cameroun). Ann. Chim.
Sci. Mat. 31: 1. 75-90.
15.Farpoor, M.H., Neyestani, M., Eghbal, M.K., and Esfandiarpour Boroujeni, I. 2012.
Soil-geomorphology relationships in Sirjan playa, south central Iran. Geomorphology.
16.Fisher, R.F., and Brinkley, D. 2000. Ecology and management of forest soils, John Wiley &
17.Food and Agriculture Organization. 2014. World Reference Base for Soil Resources.
A framework for international classification, correlation and communication, FAO, Rome,
18.Fooladmand, H.R. 2008. Estimation of cation exchange capacity from some soil physicochemical
properties. J. Agric. Sci. Natur. Resour. 15: 10. 1-8. (In Persian)
19.Gee, G.W., and Bauder, J.W. 1986. Particle size analysis, hydrometer method. P 404-408, In:
D.L. Sparks (Eds.), Methods of soil analysis. Part 1. 3rd ed. Am. Soc. Argon., Madison, WI.
20.Gerasimova, M.I. 2010. Chinese soil taxonomy: between the American and the international
classification systems. Eurasian Soil Sci. 43: 945-949.
21.Habibi, A., Jalalian, A., and Ayoubi, Sh. 2011. The formation and evolution of soil Vertisols
and its relationship with the topography on Lordegan country in Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari.
M.Sc. Thesis, Faculty of Agriculture, Islamic Azad University Khorasgan Branch, 112p.
22.Jafari, A., Shariatmadari, H., Khademi, H., and Rezaei Nezhad, Y. 2008. Clay mineralogy of
soils in arid and semiarid regions of the four tiers of territorial and its relationship with
kinetics of Phosphorus Release. J. Agri. Sci. Natur. Resour. 44: 153-168. (In Persian)
23.Jiang, P., and Thelen, K.D. 2004. Effect of soil and topographic properties on crop yield in a
north-central corn-soybean cropping system. Agronomy. 96: 252-258.
24.Karimi Dehkordi, F., Jalalian, A., Mehnatkesh A.M., and Honarjoo, N. 2014. The effect of
land use change on mineralogy and micro-morphological properties of clay soil on Lordegan
County- in Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari Province. J. Soil Manage. Sust. Prod. 4: 3. 1-32.
(In Persian with English abstract)
25.Kemp, R.A., and Zarate, M.A. 2000. Pliocene pedosedimentary cycles in the southern
Pampas, Argentina. Sedimentology. 47: 3-14.
26.Kemp, R.A., Tomas, P.S., Sayago, J.M., Debyshire, E., King, M., and Wagner, L. 2003.
Micromorphology OSL dating of the basalt part of the loess-paleosol sequence at La Mesuda
in Tucuman province, northwest Argentina. Quat. Int. 106-107: 111-117.
27.Khormali, F., and Abtahi, A. 2003. Origin and distribution of clay minerals in calcareous
arid and semi-arid soils of Fars Province, Southern Iran. Clay MINERALS. 38: 511-527.
(In Persian with English abstract)
28.Khormali, F., Abtahi, A., Mahmoodi, S., and Stoops, G. 2003. Argillic horizon development
in calcareous soils of arid and semi-arid regions of Southern Iran. Catena. 776: 1-29.
29.Khormali, F., Abtahi, A., and Stoops, G. 2006. Micromorphology of calcic pedofeatures in
highly calcareous soils of Fars province, Southern Iran. Geoderma. 132: 31-46.
30.Khormali, F., and Shamsi, S. 2009. Investigation of the quality and micromorphology of soil
evaluation in different landuses of the quality of Golestan province, Acase study in Ghapon
region. J. Agri. Sci. Natur. Resour. 16: 3. 14-27. (In Persian)
31.Kittrick, J.A., and Hope, E.W. 1963. Aprocedure for the particle size separation of soils for
X-ray diffraction analysis. J. Soil Sci. 96: 312-325.
32.Kodesova, R., Kodes, V., Zigova, A., and Simanek, J. 2006. Impact of plant roots and
soil organisms on micromorphology and soil hydraulic properties. Biologia, Bratislava.
61: 19. 339-343.
33.Liaghat, M., and Khormali, F. 2011. Micromorphology of development of some
loess-derived soils of western Golestan province a long a climo-topobiosequence. J. Water
Soil Conserv. 18: 1. 1-32. (In Persian)
34.Lindsay, W.L. 1992. Chemical equilibria in soils. John Wiley and Sons, New York, 44p.
35.McNab, W.H. 1993. Atopographic index to quantify the effect of mesoscale landform on site
productivity. Can. J. For. Res. 23: 1100-1107.
36.Moges, M., and Holden, N.M. 2008. Soil fertility in relation to slope position and
agricultural land use: A case study of Umbulo catchments in southern Ethiopia.
Environmental Management. 42: 753-763.
37.Mohajeri, P., Alamdari, P., and Golchin, A. 2016. Effect of slope positions on
physiochemical properties of soils located on a toposequence in Deilaman area of Guilan
province. J. Water Soil. 30: 1. 162-171. (In Persian)
38.Morand, D.T. 2010. The world reference base for soils (WRB) and soil Taxonomy: an initial
appraisal of their application to the soils of the Northern Rivers of New South Wales. 19th
World Congress of Soil Science. Australia, Pp: 28-31.
39.Mousavi, M.H., Mehdizadeh Shahri, H., and Ghorbani H. 2009. Mineralogy of soils formed
on Aghajary formation in Masjed Soleyman and Burge Khajoo province. J. Sci. Islamic
Azad University (JSIRU). 77: 151-172. (In Persian)
40.Muir, J.W. 1962. The general principles of classification with reference to soils. J. Soil Sci.
13: 1. 22-30.
41.National Soil Survey Center. 2002. Field book for describing and sampling soils. Natural
Resources Conservation Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture. Version 2. 228p.
42.Nelson, S.R., and Sommers, L.E. 1996. Total carbon, organic carbon and organic matter. P
961-1010, In: D.L. Sparks (Eds.), Methods of soil analysis. Part 3. 3rd ed. Am. Soc. Argon.,
43.Ramazanpour, H., and Bakhshipour, R. 2003. Evidence of soil clay minerals transformation
in some physiographic units, west of Langrood-Gilan. Iran. J. Crystalograph. Mineral.
11: 1. 45-56. (In Persian)
44.Ramazanpour, H., and Jalalian, A. 2002. Soil variability along a chrono toposequence in two
climatic zones of Central Zagros. JWSS-Isfahan University of Technology. 6: 1. 131-147.
45.Rezaei, S., and Gilkes, R. 2005. The effects of landscape attributes and plant community on
soil physical properties in rangelands. Geoderma. 125: 167-176.
46.Salehi, M.H., and Karimi Karuye, A.R. 2009. Comparison of soil classification dominant
province of Chahar Mahal and Bakhtiari and Isfahan. J. Natur. Resour. Agric. Sci. University
of Isfahan. 1: 1-4. (In Persian)
47.Sanjari, S., Farpoor, M.H., Karimian Eghbal, M., and Esfandiarpoor Boroujeni, I. 2011.
Genesis, micromorphology and clay mineralogy of soils located on different geomorphic
surfaces in Jiroft area. J. Water Soil. 30: 2. 411-425. (In Persian with English abstract)
48.Sarshogh, M., Salehi, M.H., and Beigie, H. 2012. The effect of slope aspect and position on
soils particle size distributionin Chelgerd region, Chaharmahal-va-Bakhtiari province.
J. Agric. Sci. Natur. Resour. 19: 3. 77-98. (In Persian)
49.Sarshogh, M., Salehi, M.H., and Esfandiarpoor Borojeni, I. 2011. Comparing the American
soil classification system (Taxonomy) and WRB in various situations both northern and
southern slope in Chelgerd region, Chaharmahal-va-Bakhtiari province. 12th Iranian Soil
Science Congress, 4p. (In Persian)
50.Schafer, W.M., and Singer, M.J. 1976. A new method of measuring shrink-swell potential
using soil pastes. Soil Sci. Soc. Amer. J. 40: 805-806.
51.Secu, C.V., Patriche, C., and Vasiliniuc, I. 2008. Aspects regarding the correlation of the
Romanian soil taxonomy system (2003) with WRB (2006). IPYHTO3HABCTBO. 9: 56-62.
52.Soil Survey Staff. 2014. Keys to Soil Taxonomy. United States Department of Agriculture
and Natural Resources Conservation Service, 332p.
53.Stoops, G. 2003. Guidelines for the analysis and description of soil and regolith thin sections.
SSSA. Madison, WI, 170p.
54.Temga, J.P. 2008. Etude des vertisols topomorphes sur alluvions de la zone soudanosahelienne
de IExtreme- Nord Cameron. Mem. DEA. Univ. Yaounde I, 61p.
55.Thomas, G.W. 1996. Soil pH and soil acidity. P 475-490, In: D.L. Sparks (Eds.), Methods of
soil analysis. Part 3. 3rd ed. Am. Soc. Argon., Madison, WI.
56.Tsui, C.C., Chen, Z.S., and Hsieh, C.F. 2004. Relationships between soil properties and
slope position in a lowland rain forest of southern Taiwan. Geoderma. 123: 131-142.
57.Vahidi, M.J., Jafarzadeh, A.A., Ostan, S.H., and Shahbazi, F. 2010. Impact of land use on
physical, chemical and mineralogical soil southern city of Ahar. J. Soil Water. 77: 33-47.
58.Verhey, W., and Stoops, G. 1973. Micromorphological evidence for identification of an
argillic horizon in Terra Rossasoils. P 817-831, In: G.K. Rutherford (Ed.), Soil Microscopy.
The limestone Press. Kingston. Canada.
59.Walkley, A., and Black, I.A. 1934. An examination of Degtjareff method for determining
soil organic matter and a proposed modification of chromic acid method in soil analysis. 1.
Experimental. Soil Science. 79: 459-465.
60.Wilding, L.P., Smeck, N.E., and Hall, G.F. 1983. Pedogenesis and Soil Taxonomy. Concepts
and interactions. Elsevier Publishing Company, 303p.
61.Yimer, F., Ledin, S., and Abdelkheir, A. 2006. Soil property variations in relation to
topographic aspect and vegetation community in the south-eastern highlands of Ethiopia.
Forest Ecology and Management. 232: 90-99.
62.Ziyaee, A., Pashaei, A., Khormali, F., and Roshani, M.R. 2013. Some physic-chemical, clay
mineralogical and micromorphological characteristics of loess paleosols sequence indicators
of climate change in south of Gorgan. J. Water Soil Cons. 20: 1. 1-28. (In Persian)