آبشویی سرب از خاک آلوده توسط کربن آلی محلول استخراج شده از باگاس نیشکر و کود مرغی

نوع مقاله : مقاله کامل علمی پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری ، گروه علوم و مهندسی خاک، دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی ساری، ساری، ایران.

2 گروه علوم و مهندسی خاک، دانشگاه کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی ساری، ساری، ایران.

10.22069/ejsms.2022.18623.1998

چکیده

چکیده
سابقه و هدف: آبشویی خاک تکنیکی موثر جهت خروج فلزهای سنگین با استفاده از آب یا هر سیال دیگر است ولی بایستی توجه کرد که شناسایی عامل آبشویی سازگار با محیط‌زیست اهمیت بسیار بالایی دارد. کارایی این تکنیک به عوامل متعددی مربوط می‌شود اما پژوهشگران به دنبال موادی هستند که کمترین تاثیر مخرب را بر محیط‌زیست داشته باشد. با توجه به اینکه تاکنون تحقیقی روی اثر کربن آلی محلول استخراج شده از کود مرغی و باگاس نیشکر بر آبشویی سرب از خاک آلوده گزارش نشده است، هدف از این تحقیق بررسی آبشویی سرب از خاک آلوده توسط کربن آلی محلول استخراج شده از باگاس نیشکر و کود مرغی بود.
مواد و روش‌ها: در این تحقیق آزمایشی جهت بررسی کارایی کربن آلی محلول استخراج شده از کود مرغی و باگاس نیشکر جهت خروج سرب از خاک آلوده معدن در نظر گرفته شد. بدین منظور آزمایش آبشویی گسسته و تعادلی به نسبت 20:1 ( خاک : عصاره) در غلظت‌های مختلف کربن آلی محلول (50، 100، 200، 400، 800 ، 1000، 2000 میلی‌گرم بر لیتر) ، pH (4، 6، 7، 8، 10) و زمان (5/0، 1، 2، 4 ساعت) انجام شد. بهترین نتایج آبشویی سرب خاک حاصل از آزمایش گسسته و تعادلی به ستون آبشویی(آبشویی پیوسته و غیرتعادلی) منتقل شد و با دو نوع آبشویی به صورت متوالی و متناوب در ستون خاک بررسی شد. در هر دو نوع آبشویی متناوب و متوالی میزان خروج سرب خاک آلوده در دو عصاره کود مرغی و عصاره باگاس نیشکر بررسی شد.
یافته‌ها: نتایج نشان داد، کاربرد عصاره کود مرغی در رژیم متناوب آزمایش پیوسته غیرتعادلی، موجب خروج بالاترین میزان سرب از خاک آلوده (65/135 میلی‌گرم بر کیلوگرم) شد. در این آزمایش میزان خروج سرب توسط کربن آلی محلول ناشی از عصاره باگاس به دلیل ماهیت گروه‌های عاملی عصاره در تثبیت سرب تغییرزیادی نداشت. در آزمایش گسسته تعادلی، بیشترین سرب خروجی(55 میلی‌گرم بر کیلوگرم) مربوط به کاربرد غلظت 2000 میلی‌گرم بر لیتر کربن آلی محلول ناشی از عصاره کودمرغی در pH برابر 8 بود. میزان سرب خروجی با کاربرد 400 میلی‌گرم بر لیتر کربن آلی محلول ناشی از عصاره باگاس نیشکر در pH برابر 7 به میزان 20 میلی‌گرم در کیلوگرم بود.
نتیجه گیری: استفاده از کربن آلی محلول عصاره کود مرغی با توجه به ماهیت گروه‌های عاملی آن، میزان قابل توجهی از سرب خاک آلوده مدنظر را خارج کرد اما استفاده از این نوع باگاس نیشکر در آبشویی سرب در غلظت‌های مختلف کارایی چندانی نداشت.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Leaching of Pb by dissolved organic carbon derived by sugarcane bagasse and poultry manure

نویسندگان [English]

  • Afsaneh Ghasemian Sorboni 1
  • Fardin Sadegh zadeh 2
  • Mahdi Ghajar Sepanlu 2
  • Bahi Jalili 2
  • Seyed Mostafa Emadi 2
1 PhD candidate, Department of Soil Sciences, Sari Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University, Sari, Iran
2 Associate Prof., Dept. of Soil Science, Sari Agriculture and Natural Resources University
چکیده [English]

Abstract
Background and Objective: The leaching is an effective method for the removal of heavy metals using water or any other fluid. However, it is vital to identify the environmentally friendly leaching agent. The effectiveness of this technique depends on several factors. The researchers are looking for substances that have the least harmful impact on the environment. There is no reported study on the effects of dissolved organic carbon extract from poultry manure and sugarcane bagasse on leaching of Pb from contaminated soil. Therefore, the objective of this study was to investigate the leaching of Pb from mine contaminated soil as affected by dissolved organic carbon derived from poultry manure and sugarcane bagasse. .
Materials and Methods: In this study, an experiment was conducted to evaluate the efficiency of dissolved organic carbon derived by poultry manure and sugarcane bagasse to remove Pb from contaminated soil. For this purpose, the leaching and batch equilibrium experiments with the ratio of 1:20 (soil:extract) and different concentrations of dissolved organic carbon (50, 100, 200, 400, 800, 1000, 2000 mg/l), pH (4, 6, 7 , 8, 10) and time (0.5, 1, 2, 4 hours) were carried out. The best results of soil Pb leaching and batch equilibrium experiments were chosen for the leaching column (continuous and intermittent leaching) experiment. In both of continuous and intermittent leaching experiments, the Pb leaching with two types of extracts was investigated.
Results: The results showed that the application of dissolved organic carbon derived from poultry manure initiated highest Pb leaching from mine contaminated soil in the both of continuous and intermittent leaching experiments. The intermittent leaching, resulted in the highest amount of Pb leaching from the contaminated soil (135.65 mg/kg) compare to continuous leaching experiments. In leaching experiment, the content of Pb leaching by dissolved organic carbon derived from bagasse did not change considerably. In the batch equilibrium experiment, the highest Pb leaching (55 mg/kg) was related to the application of 2000 mg/l dissolved organic carbon derived from poultry manure at pH 8. The amount of Pb leaching with the application of 400 mg/l of dissolved organic carbon derived from sugarcane bagasse at pH 7 was 20 mg/kg.
Conclusion: According to the results, the application of dissolved organic carbon derived from poultry manure removed a significant content of Pb from mine contaminated soil. However, the application of dissolved organic carbon from this type of sugarcane bagasse for Pb leaching was not effective.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Leaching
  • Pb
  • Dissolved organic carbon
  • Poultry manure
  • sugarcane bagasse
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